Many basements are largely forgotten and underutilized spaces, places you visit only if a major appliance like a furnace, boiler, or water heater needs repair. It may be where you store boxes and stuff you rarely use (am I true or not? hah).
But a basement can be much more. Even if these days your basement seems like a dark cavern with ugly walls, but it can give more functionality to your house so to your life.
this is why I’m here today, and I guess you’re now saying “stop your blaa blaa and tell me where to start or show me the steps?” and you absolutely right.
In this article, I will answer these questions and more: where to start? What are the steps to finishing a basement? Does finishing a basement increase home value? Do I need a permit to finish my basement?
Where to start?
I always said: “when you start something new don’t plan more than it deserves just start and you’ll see what is it really deserve”
when I started thinking about finishing my basement I fell in this trap by passing much time on planning and thinking about the legal side, the cost, the quality of work and so on.
First thing, I recommend in the next free weekend you have to build a small wall in your basement, this will make you enthusiastic and hungry to begin your ‘finishing a basement project’, you can flow my building wall guide. after that, you can check my posts about permits, budgeting, and planning after that
Note, Just start small. you’ll use the wall you build to carry up some pegboard and a few storage shelves, therefore you will be getting benefit right off the bat. And yes, you’ll need permits, however not right away.
big caution, The traditional home improvement show or book continuously says the same thing. Gather every single potential tool and supply, the plan gets in detail and so and only then begin.
Well, that’s crap! The quickest way to the finished product is to begin as shortly as you have something useful. Yes, you’ll make some mistakes. however, learning from your mistakes is the best possible way to learn.
always the most thing we worried about is of course money, because it doesn’t worth to type on google ‘finishing basement cost or how it cost to finish a basement or how to finish a basement…etc, just if you were like me (it’s so expensive for me to hire a contractor to do it for me), or you really love repairing and these things (handyman).
“after that blaa blaa, how much it cost to finish my basement by my self? absolutely it’s not much as hiring some contractor or some company to do it for you. and here is the full details and prices on this post, Now onto the good stuff.
What are the steps to finish a basement?
Ok, so you started and finished your small wall project. Now, how do you finish a basement? Next, you do want to begin designing your basement. you ought not to do everything, simply enough to get the permit and know where to go next.
You want to try and do everything on the up and up? so the 1st step of your basement finishing project is to seek out what permits and inspections are needed. If you call your town or country clerk they’ll be able to explain the permitting and inspection process.
2.Planning And Drawing
it’s important to take time to plan exactly how you will make the
installations according to your aims about your dream basement space or options and this are will be the key for perfect planning.
Use a computer program or just a pencil, graph paper, and straightedge to plan your room(s).
- Start by carefully measuring your available space.
- Make a scaled drawing of the empty space-including all the little obstructions and bump-out.
- Making an overall plan.
- Making individual plans (family room, storage room…etc)
- make a number of copies, so you can sketch onto them.
after that you must check this possibilities:
- working with subcontractors the order of work.
- electrical and plumbing installations
- choosing to light
3.Framing Basement Walls And Ceilihngs.
Framing a basement usually proceeds in this order:
- the exterior walls.
- the interior walls.
- the ceiling where necessary.
- soffits and box-ins to cover up pipes, ductwork, and other obstructions.
With this order of work, after framing walls you can attach horizontal nailers to begin framing the ceiling. (And often there is no need to actually frame the ceiling; you can use the existing joists.)
For optimal basement Framing be sure to be precisely in your basement draws, so plan carefully by making drawings that show where all the framing members go, as well as the paths for plumbing and wiring lines.
Even with good planning, you will likely need to do some improvising, especially where you need to frame around obstructions. Building in this way can be slow, so allow plenty of time.
Adding a bathroom to your basement may be a big, complicated project. however, that doesn’t mean you can’t make it. Thousands of DIYers successfully tackle the task each year, so you can do it.
you have built a wall and frame a basement this words up there don’t belong to you at all.you’re now nearly to a beginner contractor.
and you will be the lord of the castle with your wife if you can fix plumbing problems.
Installing boxes and running electrical cable or conduit for receptacles (outlets), switches, lights, small heating units, and other fixtures generally happens after the rough plumbing is finished, since the cable is easy to rout around pipes.
Once you have ensured that you are working on the only non energized wiring, then the installations are surprisingly easy to learn
Building and Electrical Code Requirements. Some states consider a basement finishing project a wet space. and need ground fault circuit interrupt (GFCI) outlets.
If you’re planning to be doing any plumbing here are some questions to consider:
are you able to use PVC or polyethylene or do you ought to use copper pipes? do you have to use wooden studs and joists, or are you able to use steel? These are samples of code necessities that you’ll have to remember when planning the project.
6.Walls and ceilings
After the innards of the walls and ceiling have been filled with drainpipes, supply pipes, ducts, electrical boxes, and electrical cable, it’s time to cover up your framing and mechanicals, first, you must start with insulation and then most likely with drywall.
Although drywall (i recommend to call someone familiar with drywalls to finish this for you because my experience tells me that it takes a huge time to learn this ) is by far the most common surface for walls and ceilings, there are alternatives.
Some manufacturers offer easy-to-install wall systems that combine insulation with the wall surface and are quick to finish.
Over your head, you may decide to install a suspended (or drop) ceiling.
If you plan to use drywall, standard practice is to attach 1⁄2-in.-thick drywall with screws, cover joints with drywall tape, fill the joints and screw heads with several coats of joint compound, and sand everything smooth. Then you can apply primer and paint.
until you find your decor don’t take another step, because when you choose the decor you can choose the color of your basement walls and the roof, selecting floor type, doors, and windows.
don’t fall in the same trap as me.
of course, this is the easiest step you will see, just choose the color you want, and call your wife or friends and enjoy it.
I insist to Cut down the time by getting a bigger 12″ roller, use masking tape if you want but usually, it’s just for children or some health exceptions.
for me this was the happyest time in the dilama of finishing my basement.
You can install any type of flooring in your basement, but if flooding is a possibility, I consider types that will not get damaged by prolonged contact with moisture.
Before any finished flooring can be installed, however, you’ll need to prep the concrete floor.
You may need to do some patching—how smooth the patches need to depend on the type of flooring you will install. Also, install a subfloor that is appropriate for your basement situation
10.Windows Doors and Trims
Trim carpentry can be done before you paint the walls and ceiling, especially if you will paint the trim as well. If you will install stained windows, doors, and trim, you are probably better off installing them after the walls are painted.
WARNING: in this step, I highly warn you to not do it by your self if you are not familiar with its tools.
carpentry is truly dangerous, especially if you’re not a carpenter. but if you feel that you can do it, this step calls for good accurate tools, some patience, and attention to detail as.
HVAC, Heating, Ventilation and Air Conditioning, it depends on every basement, so maybe you need it maybe not.
That’s all, and if you have done every step above, then, now you might be sitting at your finished basement, with your family front of the TV or around the pool table, and your wife behind your basement small bar or kitchen preparing what you crave. now, I can say that you’re really know how to finish a basement?
Some Expert advice for a warm, dry and inviting space.
here is some valuable advice you need to consider until you get the permit:
Dry it Up
If you have a moist or wet basement, you have to fix it before you begin any finishing work.
the great news is that the majority of water problems can be solved by 2 measures: grading the soil to slope far away from the foundation and adding or repairing gutters and downspouts.
If these steps don’t do it, then you ought to take additional extreme measures like adding exterior drain tile and waterproofing the walls or adding interior drain tile that empties into a sump basket with a pump.
Eliminating water problems is time-consuming and big-ticket, however, it’s critical to prevent a moldy and ruined finished basement.
Know how much space you’re operating with. this can be significantly necessary concerning height several local regulations on turning a basement into an inhabitable space require that the basement be a minimum of seven feet tall, sometimes higher. Always consult local building codes
Waterproof the Walls
Waterproofing materials that persist like paint fill the pores within the concrete or masonry walls and stop water from leaking in.
To be effective, these coatings should be applied to reveal concrete or masonry walls. start by removing loose material with a wire brush.
Then clean off any white powdery “efflorescence” with masonry cleaner. Follow the safety and application instructions rigorously.
a standard mistake once using masonry waterproofing product is to unfold them too skinny. The goal is to fill each puncture to form.
That’s all I hope you have enjoyed and well performed and if you have any questions just comment it and I will answer it on this post.